In our country, according to a study by INEGI (2017), the suicide rate is 5.2 per 100,000 inhabitants, which is considered low, but the worrying thing is that it is on the rise, said the teacher in psychology Judith Márquez , during the fruitful presentation called “Detection, intervention and primary channeling in suicide prevention in girls, boys and adolescents. All this during the development of the First Symposium on Suicide Prevention and Promotion of mental health in girls, boys and adolescents. He added that in 2017 suicide ranked 22nd in the causes of death nationwide, but it was number two among the population aged 15 to 29 years. According to a statistic from INEGI, before the age of ten it is unlikely that children will think about suicide, since the percentage is only 1.9 percent, but the highest rate is that of the range of 20 to 24 years of age , with 9.3%, followed by that of the ages from 25 to 29 with 8.3 and from 15 to 19 with 7.1, stated the psychology Judith Márquez. “Of every five completed events, four are men and one woman, although it is more common for women to try to kill themselves, but men are more accurate and for each completed suicide, it is considered that there are 25 attempts.” These types of situations, said the specialist, are due to three factors: epidemiological aspects, emotional disorders and suicidal behavior. “All this must be considered as a process, which goes from the ideas of death to the consummate suicide. Suicide refers to the act by which a person deliberately causes death; however, there are progressive stages, because the phenomenon of suicide is complex, ”said Judith Márquez. He assured that that is why prevention is important, and that for that reason the World Health Organization considers that countries should develop national strategies for suicide prevention as part of public health, which should identify the factors that determine the health of populations and in that sense influence these factors to improve the quality of life.
He explained that protective factors make an event of this nature less likely to occur, because it is avoided if you belong to a healthy social environment, with respectful relationships, that you feel integrated, identified, with the context of the school, in your neighborhood. and friends.And that the risk factors for suicide are, for example, being at a disadvantage with society both in terms of education, money or origin, as well as sexual orientation, the redefinition or strengthening of your sexual identity in adolescence.
To this must be added family aspects such as pathological, criminal, divorce and personal aspects, being very rigid in thought, living in a fantasy world and frustration.
To avoid suicide events, the strategy, he stated, is to work with risk groups, we have a life line, monitoring youth at risk in specific cases, taking advantage of the opportunity area of the pandemic, with the visual dissemination of infographics to share knowledge and train parents and teachers, with the timely detection of possible events, he concluded.